Slow-Braised Pork Leg on Rice ข้าวขาหมู (kao ka moo)
This pork leg stew can be found all over the streets of Thailand, and now you can make it at home!
- 1 pork leg, or other cuts of stew-friendly meat e.g. beef shank, lamb shank, dark meat chicken (see note*)
- 1 pork foot (optional)
- 1 Tbsp Golden Mountain Sauce
- 3-4 Tbsp soy sauce
- 3-4 Tbsp oyster sauce
- 2 Tbsp black soy sauce
- 75 g palm sugar or rock sugar
- 6-8 cilantro roots (or 1/2 cup of roughly chopped stems)
- 5 cloves garlic
- 2 cinnamon sticks
- 2 star anise
- 1 tsp Szechuan peppercorns
- ½ tsp white peppercorns, cracked
- 10 slices galangal
- 2 shiitake mushrooms
- 4-6 medium boiled eggs (boil for 8 minutes)
- Pickled mustard greens or another pickled vegetable such as sauerkraut, pickled beans, or pickled carrots
- 200 g. dark leafy greens, blanched or steamed (optional, see note**)
- Jasmine rice for serving
- 2 spur chilies, or you can use any other kind of medium-to-mild chilies such as jalapenos, serranos, or fresno. For extra spicy vinegar, you can add Thai chilies or use habaneros.
- 2 cloves garlic
- ½ tsp sugar
- A pinch of salt
- White vinegar, ¼-½ cup as needed
* Pork legs have a lot of skin, if you don’t like too much skin and prefer a lot of meat, you can add extra skinless leg meat or pork shoulder.
** This is just some steamed veggies on the side to balance out the dish. Traditionally we use blanched gai lan (aka Chinese broccoli), but you can use whatever greens you like.
If the pork leg still has some hair on it, burn it off with a blowtorch or shave it off with a razor. Wash and dry thoroughly.
Optional step: Sear the pork leg in a large sauté pan to brown the skin on all sides. If you have a splash guard, use it!
Add the pork leg and foot into a large stock pot, cover with water. Add Golden Mountain Sauce, 3 Tbsp soy sauce, 3 Tbsp oyster sauce, black soy sauce, and palm sugar. Simmer for 45 minutes.
Skim off any scum that has floated to the top, then add cinnamon, star anise, Szechuan peppercorns, white peppercorns, shiitake mushrooms, cilantro roots, garlic, and galangal. Cover and simmer for 2.5 hours or until the meat is fork tender. 20 minutes before the pork is done, add the eggs and the pickled mustard greens and simmer for 20 minutes.
Remove the pork, mustard greens, and eggs. Using a mesh skimmer, scoop out all the herbs and spices and discard; alternatively, strain the sauce through a sieve. Taste and adjust the seasoning of the sauce with more soy sauce and oyster sauce. If you want the colour to be darker, add more black soy sauce.
To serve, carve some pork from the leg and cut into bite-sized pieces. Place the pork on top of jasmine rice, along with the egg, chopped pickled mustard greens, and a little bit of blanched gai lan. Pour the sauce generously over the rice, and drizzle with some chili vinegar, if desired.
To make chili vinegar: Put all ingredients into a blender, starting with 1/4 cup vinegar. Blend until smooth, adding more vinegar if needed to help it blend better.
Kao Ka Moo – Braised Pork Leg