The Ultimate BBQ Chicken ไก่ย่าง (gai yang)
- 1 whole chicken breast (or 2 split breasts), bone-in, skin-on
- 2 chicken hindquarters (thigh & drumstick combo),2 bone-in, skin-on *
* You can choose any cut of bone-in, skin-on chicken you prefer
- 1½ tsp white peppercorns
- 2 tsp toasted coriander seeds
- 1 stalk lemongrass, bottom half only, thinly sliced
- 5 cloves garlic
- 3 Tbsp soy sauce
- 3 Tbsp fish sauce
- 1 Tbsp black soy sauce (or another kind of dark soy sauce)
- 1 Tbsp sugar
- ½ cup water
- 2 Tbsp vegetable oil
Dipping Sauce – Nam Jim Jeaw
- 2 Tbsp tamarind juice (see note)
- 1 Tbsp palm sugar, finely chopped
- 1 Tbsp fish sauce
- 1 Tbsp lime juice
- Chili flakes, to taste
- 1 Tbsp shallots, finely chopped
- 1 Tbsp green onion, chopped
- 3 sprigs cilantro, chopped
- 1 Tbsp toasted rice powder (see note)
Note: I use ready-to-use tamarind juice which comes in a tub, often labeled “tamarind concentrate.” If making your own from tamarind pulp, don’t add too much water to make sure that you get a thick consistency.
See this toasted rice powder for how to make toasted rice powder.
Grind white peppercorns and coriander seeds into a powder using a mortar and pestle or a coffee grinder. When fine, add lemongrass and garlic and grind until fine. Transfer into a bowl and add all remaining marinade ingredients; stir to dissolve the sugar.
If desired, you can split the breasts and the hindquarters into individual pieces like I showed in the video. Trim off excess skin from thighs, if any. Add chicken to a zip-top bag or a casserole dish and pour the marinade over, making sure all the pieces are well coated. Marinade at least 2 hours or overnight, stir the chicken or flip the bag half way through to ensure even marinating.
Make dipping sauce: Combine tamarind, fish sauce, lime juice and palm sugar; stir until the sugar is dissolved (it will really help to make sure your sugar is very finely chopped). Add all remaining ingredients and stir. If making sauce in advance, don’t add cilantro and green onions until ready to serve.
To grill chicken: Preheat the grill on medium heat, then place the chicken on the grill, skin-side up. Tip: If your grill has hot spots and cool spots, place the chicken on the cool spots to prevent the skin from burning, and you can move them to the hot spots later if more skin charring is desired. Turn the heat down to low or medium-low and cook with the lid closed, flipping every 5 minutes, until done, about 18-30 minutes depending on the size of the pieces. If you’ve got large pieces of chicken, keep the BBQ temperature between 275°F – 300°F so the outside doesn’t burn too quickly. If using a meat thermometer, cook the chicken until the internal temperature reaches 165 °F or 74°C.